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The History of Hanukkah (Chanukah)
Hanukkah, a Hebrew term meaning 'dedication', is reflective of the Jerusalem temple, located in the village of Modi'in, that was reacquired by Judah the Maccabee from King Antiochus IV of Syria. Antiochus, a Greek leader, prohibited Jewish customs and required Jews to worship Greek Gods. Maccabee and his small group of followers defeated the Greek Army over a three year period despite having a smaller legion of fighters and weapons and recovered their land.
Following their victory, Maccabee and his allies visited the Holy Temple, only to find it severely damaged. Eventually, they cleaned and restored the temple, and, upon completion, decided that it should be re-dedicated and celebrated. As part of the celebration, they relit the Menorah (candelabra) that was damaged and repaired after the fighting. Unable to find a supply of oil, their only source came in a small flask. It was determined that there was enough oil to keep the candle lit for just one day. Miraculously, the oil lasted for eight days, which gave them plenty of time to acquire purified oil to refill and keep the Menorah lit continuously. Thus, to honor the eight-day miracle, Jews celebrate Hanukkah by lighting a candle in a Menorah for each of the eight nights.
Hanukkah (Chanukah) is Celebrated 25th day of the Hebrew month of Kislev and celebrated for 8 days.